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Conservation and the City is a study of conservation and change throughout the built environment - city centres, suburbs and even tiny villages - and how the.
Table of contents

The type of the proposed function comes from the origin of the adopted function of the inheritance that is derived from its location, the time of construction, and the most important events associated with it in addition to its architectural and urban style. The ownership of the inheritance is considered to have a significant impact on the process of its functional rehabilitation, since the responsible authorities cannot preserve the heritage when it is considered as private property.

The selected function should be homogeneous with the surrounding urban fabric and should be achieved with the least amount of modifications [ 10 ]. The preservation of heritage, and in particular architectural heritage, goes through several stages, starting with documentation, collection of enough data and information about each heritage, documentation by photos, architectural plans, tables, etc.

Numéros en texte intégral

After placing students into groups, they were asked to submit a conservation study of a preserved single building or a group of historical or heritage buildings without proper contemporary use or the lack of documentation or those that deserve to be preserved but neglected. Students were then asked to document, study, and analyze them to choose a contemporary function, which allows heritage building or group of buildings to achieve heritage sustainability in the current age.

In the case of rehabilitated heritage buildings, the present function is evaluated and we propose another one to be developed according to the standards and the scientific foundations, which were adopted in this regard. The heritage preservation process of inherited models is provided through: Registering. This is done by conducting a comprehensive field survey of the inherited stocks with interviews of specialists and persons involved in the inherited architectural or urban model.

In addition to relying on the literature and sources that can provide us with data, information, and documents that make preservation and often rehabilitation an accurate and calculated process, which increases the value of architectural and urban heritage and is not a reason to harm it if it is based on inaccurate data and information, the results of this documentation are proved in tables, records, and maps to facilitate the heritage whenever necessary, whether at the stage of the preserving decision of those inherited models or while maintaining and restoring them to prepare them for new or previous use after making the inheritance suitable and compatible with our age.

At this stage, there are a lot of difficulties linked to multiple aspects to ensure the proper selection of the new use; many of the traditional models suffered from damage and loss due to poor preservation and bad selection of function.

Conservation areas

The traditional model site, its architectural value, its original function, distribution of its spaces, their size, services, and its ownership are the factors behind the selection of the new suitable function. And preparing the historical model for the its new use, based on the fact that space, as Schulz sees, meets the needs of man in a way that creates a close relationship with his environment, and so space is embodied in architecture, which achieves useful and symbolic purpose. The task of selecting the appropriate function in the old heritance rehabilitation is not easy.

Some difficulties may arise from the fact that the selection process is subject to multiple factors and different influences. The team of specialists that maintain and rehabilitate must balance all of them. The type of the function often is derived from the origin of the adopted function of the inheritance and that came from its origin, time of its construction, and most important events related to it, in addition to its architectural and urban type.

Hong Kong: Cultural Heritage Conservation in a City of Change

The ownership of the inheritance has a significant impact on its functional rehabilitation, especially when it is a private property. The owner should be aware of the value of the inheritance and preserve it to achieve cooperation with the responsible authorities either governmental or otherwise.

The selected function should suitably relate to the inherited environment and with minimal changes to harmonize between the new proposed use and with the old use, so that they will pay a reasonable cost for that change. In addition, that process will be done with the least cost, effort, and time. We should take into account the variable usage from time to time for the inheritance. An example of heritage building rehabilitation is the building of the Consulate of Tuscany Figure 3. It was built in the second half of the eighteenth century under the reign of Ali Pasha al-Qara Manli, who ruled Tripoli, Libya, from to It is considered as one of the most beautiful houses in Tripoli, known as Hosh Al Hareem courtyard of women.

The Baseline Audit

We have also Al Azem Palace in Damascus, Syria Figure 4 , which is one of the most impressive residential buildings in Syria, built in the eighteenth century, and was originally the residence of the ruler. Later, the palace became the museum of art and folk traditions in Syria. It has a traditional style and is divided into two parts, which consists of the official area, bathrooms, and exterior buildings.

Each room embodies a particular social situation. Wax dolls are used in the museum to embody the characters that tell the story of the place and time. The distinctive architecture in Al Azem Palace, Damascus which is a residential building reused to be a museum. This stage was formed through the changing and modifying of the internal and urban spaces and their designed elements.

Any defect in the space rehabilitation process is a failure in the process of preservation and rehabilitation, which will result in the same damage of not selecting the appropriate function, accurate rehabilitation, and in maintaining, registering, and documenting the traditional models. These spatial adaptations are not only at the level of the internal space elements of the architectural heritage, but also include the required spatial adaptations in the open spaces, in the inherited urban fabric, and the required changes to suit the chosen functions of this inherited urban area. The suitable choosing of new function is based on its centrality within the fabric of the city, its relationship with the surrounding planning units, the historical roots and original functions, as well as the impact of the new functions proposed to rehabilitate the inherited urban area, and the nature of the heritage buildings.

In Tripoli, Libya, we can find the Izmeet Hotel, founded in and used since its establishment in the First Ottoman era as a hotel and a forum for caravan traders between Europe, North Africa, Countries of Africa, and beyond the Sahara. This hotel has been renovated, maintained, designed, furnished, reused, and rehabilitated.


It operated for 5 years. It consists of two floors with 10 rooms and 14 suites provided with all services.

It includes a dining hall, an Arabic session, a coffee shop, and a room equipped with Internet. The whole parts of the hotel are furnished with traditionally handmade pieces Figure 5. Modifications can be made on some traditional houses to be used for administrative purposes, as is the case with two houses in Baghdad, Iraq Figure 6. One of the heritage buildings that has been used and rehabilitated with a new function is the Khan Murjan building from the Mughal period.

The Khan is famous for the beauty of its architecture, design, stone decoration, and the uniqueness of its arches.

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It was rebuilt by the Department of Archeology and Heritage and reused as the House of Antiquities and Heritage administrative use and then as the Museum of Islamic Art. Khan Murjan is now a wonderful tourist restaurant consisting of two floors; the first floor contains 22 rooms and the second floor contains 23 rooms.

The ceiling consists of eight huge arches.

It includes a series of walls and vaults with different shapes and dimensions interspersed with windows. This type helps to provide natural lighting and reduces the amount of pressure caused by the weight of the arches [ 12 ] Figures 7 and 8. As for the most appropriate contemporary functions that are selected to rehabilitate the heritage for preservation, the most specialized specialists in architecture, history, heritage, archeology, arts, maintenance, and interior design, who have distinct interests in preserving the inheritance have agreed that: Cultural functions museums, libraries, art galleries, exhibition halls, scientific and cultural centers, etc.

The most outstanding trees should be treated as natural-cum-cultural heritage. Guangzhou City's growth has threatened its rich urban-tree endowment, a diversified assemblage of , trees represented by species and located in three major habitats: roadside, park, and institutional grounds. Mainly based on age and performance, trees were officially designated as heritage specimens.

They were evaluated in the field for tree dimensions, habitat, performance, and landscape contribution, to establish enhanced conservation and management strategies. The PCOC represents a diverse group of residents, leaders and staff who bring their history and perspective to the process.

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